This section describes the different steps followed to design a simple lamp shade and produce it using Plywood material on a Laser Cutter.
Step – 1 : Designing the Bird Houses using Fusion 360
In order to Laser Cut any object, you need to have its digital design. This is to be done using any Computer Aided Design (CAD) software. In this example, the lamp share was designed using Fusion 360. The video above shows the steps followed to design the desk organizer.
Step – 2: Save Design in DXF format and Import to AutoCad
To prepare the Laser Engraving Cutting job, you need a 2D vector file. To do that, export the Sketches from Fusion 360 (save sketch in .DXF format) and then open in AutoCad. Next, add the visuals needed for engraving onto the 2d vector file.
Step – 3: Prepare Your File For Laser Engraving & Cutting
To prepare the Laser Cutting job, you should open the digital design file in a preparation software and choose the best settings that would achieve the best final result. In this example, we used Corel Draw as a preparation software.
- Import the digital design file into CorelDraw by selecting “File” > “Import” > Choose you file from location.
- Choose Your Material: Typically you may have an idea about what kind of material you will use before you laser cut. This is very important to choose the best settings required for the chosen material. Preferred settings for different material can be found in the Machine’s Catalogue. Best settings are usually chosen based on experience and previous tests done. In this example we will be using 3mm Plywood.
- Select the outline as “Hair Line”: We select “hair line” for the lines that we want to be cut, in our case the outline circles, and we select “ none “ for the objects that we want to engrave.
- Choose Job Type: “Vector” was selected, as we are only cutting in this example.
- Choose Your Cutting Parameters: The next step is then deciding on the different parameters for cutting (Vector Settings). We have to choose the best settings we need to have the best result. There are different variables that affect the final product coming out of the Laser Cutter. Among those variables are the Power, Speed, and Frequency. In this example the following settings were used:
- Vector Settings: Speed: 11%, Power: 100%, Frequency: 10
- Forward the Job: After choosing all the variables, send the order to the laser cutter. But before pressing Play on the Laser cutter, we have to manually set it up with respect to the material we intend to use.
Step – 4: Setting Up The Laser Cutter
After preparing the file and the relative settings we need, the next step is to place the material we want in the laser cutter and set it up according to the thickness of the material.
To cut and engrave on our laser cutter, the following procedure was followed:
- Set the focus of the laser using the V shaped Gauge.
- Set the zero position of the laser on the top left corner of the Plywood sheet.
- Turn On the Air compressor and ventilators .
Step – 5: Performing the Engraving and Cutting Job
Press the play button on the laser cutter, and voila, it starts cutting.
Step – 6: Remove Your Parts and Clean the Surfaces
Remove the laser parts from the cutting bed after it cools down and all the fumes are sucked out of the machine.
Additional post-processing steps are performed after cutting, such as brushing off powder and cleaning burnt sides.
Step – 7: Assemble Your Parts
Once all parts are clean and ready for assembly, all pieces are assembled together to forming a nice lamp shade.